The Constitutional Tribunal of the Republic of Poland was established in December 1985.
The Constitutional Tribunal consists of 15 judges chosen individually by the Sejm for a term of office of 9 years from amongst persons distinguished by their knowledge of the law. No person may be chosen for more than one term of office.
The President and Vice-President of the Constitutional Tribunal are appointed by the President of the Republic from amongst candidates proposed by the General Assembly of the Judges of the Constitutional Tribunal.
The following persons may make application to the Constitutional Tribunal: the President of the Republic, the Marshal of the Sejm, the Marshal of the Senate, the Prime Minister, the First President of the Supreme Court, the President of the Chief Administrative Court and the President of the Supreme Chamber of Control.
For more details, please visit the website of the Constitutional Tribunal of the Republic of Poland.
The Republic of Poland is a sovereign country located in Central Europe. Poland is bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine, Belarus, and Lithuania to the east; and the Baltic Sea and Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave, to the north. The total area of Poland is 312,679 km², making it the 9th largest country in Europe.
Poland is a unitary state made up of sixteen voivodeships (Polish: województwo). It is also a member of the European Union, NATO, and OECD.